Trapped Key Interlocking
What is a Trapped Key Interlock?
A trapped key interlock is a safety device applied to two or more moveable parts, preventing (or allowing) a movement or operation of one part only when another part is locked in a predetermined position. KIRK® trapped key interlocks operate on the principle that the key can be removed only when the locking bolt is in a predetermined position.
The KIRK® interlock is used to protect personnel and equipment, with the goal of eliminating errors that can occur when it is necessary to obey a sequence of predefined operations. The KIRK® system prevents anyone from trying to circumvent the default and crucial to the safety of the procedure sequence. The KIRK® interlocks can be mounted directly on the equipment, ie, the system is fully integrated and simple to operate.
Why use a Trapped Key Interlock System?
TO PROTECT personnel from hazards by ensuring predetermined sequences of operations are followed
TO PREVENT loss of operations and setbacks due to equipment damaged by mis-followed operations
TO PROVIDE risk control; understanding that everyone has the right to be safe at work!
Installing a trapped key interlock system ensures a predetermined sequence of events is followed. Whereas Lock Out – Tag Out (LOTO) provides a visual warning and some protection, a trapped key interlock system physically prevents a specific set of actions until the previous action(s) have been completed.
How Do Trapped Key Solutions Work?
A trapped key interlocking solution consists of 3 defined actions: isolating hazardous energy, transferring or exchanging sequenced keys, and accessing the protected area or equipment. Interlocks are designed specifically with these action in mind to ensure the comprehensive solutions operates effectively.
An isolation interlock is typically the initiating interlock and ensures the isolation of power. Once the equipment is de-energized, the interlock key is turned, engaging the bolt, blocking the power switch, and releasing the key. The interlock is now a physical barrier to preventing the equipment from being re-energized.
Now that power has been isolated, the released key can be taken to a transfer or exchange interlocks where there the access keys are trapped awaiting the introduction of the initiating key from the isolation interlock. Once the initiating key has been inserted and turned in the transfer block, the access key(s) are now released, and the initiating key is trapped.
The access key(s) can now be taken to the access points and inserted into the access interlock(s). Personnel can safely enter the area with peace of mind that the power has been fully isolated and cannot be re-energized until the trapped key solution is followed in reverse. The video below demonstrates a simple scheme for safely accessing a restricted area.
Read full article on Where Trapped Key Solutions Win in Safety.
In excess of 70% of reported accidents world-wide in the industrial marketplace are attributable to human error, accounting for 90% of the financial loss.
Written operating procedures alone cannot prevent the inadvertent operation of equipment out of sequence.